England is part of the United Kingdom, bordered by Scotland and Wales. Most of it comprises the central and southern part of the island of Great Britain, but it also includes over 100 smaller islands. Capital of England is London, which is the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures.
Top 20 Tourist Attractions Of England
1. Big Ben
Nickname for the great bell of the clock at the Elizabeth Tower next to the Palace of Westminster. It’s the largest four-faced chiming clock in the world and one of the most important symbols of London.
2. British Museum
Established in 1753, today it’s a home for thirteen million objects including very famous Rosetta Stone and Parthenon sculptures. It’s located in London on Great Russell Street.
3. Windsor Castle
The royal residence at Windsor is notable for its long association with the British royal family and for its architecture. It’s dating back to the 11th century and it’s the longest-occupied palace in Europe.
4. Warwick Castle
Medieval castle developed from one built by William the Conqueror in 1068 and is one of the most recognisable examples of 14th century military architecture.
5. Avebury Stone Circles
Avebury is a Neolithic henge monument constructed around 2600 BCE, containing three stone circles. It’s one of the best known prehistoric sites in Britain and a popular tourist attraction. It’s also aa place of religious importance to contemporary Pagans.
6. Buckingham Palace
One of the most popular tourists attractions in London. Official residence of the British monarch, dating back to 1705 and located in the City of Westminster.
7. Lake District
The Lake District is a mountainous region in North West England. It’s a popular holiday destination visited by 23 million people every year and the largest of the thirteen National Parks in England and Wales.
8. Tower of London
Historic castle on the bank of Thames in London, founded in 1066. The castle was used as a prison from 1100 until 1952. It also served as a royal residence. It has played a prominent role in English history and is the most popular tourist attraction of London.
Prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, believed to be built anywhere from 3000 BC to 2000 BC. One of the most famous sites in the world.
10. Hadrian’s Wall
Defensive fortification in Roman Britain. Its construction began in AD 122 and was the first of two fortifications built across Great Britain. It was the most heavily fortified border in the Roman Empire and its significant part still exists.
The City of Bath was inscribed as a World Heritage Site in 1987 and is famous because of its Roman Baths which are visited by million tourists a year.
12. Dover Castle
Dover Castle is a medieval castle and the largest castle in England. It was founded in the 12th century and is often called the “Key to England” due to its defensive significance throughout history.
13. Durham Cathedral
The cathedral founded in 1093 is regarded as one of the finest examples of Norman architecture. It has been featured in the Harry Potter films as Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry
Historic city and former capital city of England. Main sights include the longest cathedral in Europe and King Arthur’s Round Table hanging in the Great hall of Winchester Castle.
15. York Minster
First church on the site of cathedral in York was built in 627. The cathedral was declared complete and consecrated in 1472.
16. Canterbury Cathedral
One of the oldest and most famous Christian structures in England, founded in 597 and completely rebuilt from 1070 to 1077.
17. Alnwick Castle
The first parts of the castle were erected in about 1096 to protect England’s northern border. The castle receives over 800,000 visitors per year.
18. The Cotswolds
Range of hills in southwestern and west-central England designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) in 1966.
19. Madame Tussaud’s Wax Museum
Wax museum in London, founded by wax sculptor Marie Tussau.
Shakespeare’s Hometown and a popular tourist destination, receiving about 3 million visitors a year from all over the world.